The primer mix has been verified to generate satisfactory qPCR data on Roche Applied-science LightCycler® 480 Ⅱ.
Storage & Shipping
Lyophilized qPCR primer mix is shipped at ambiente temperatura
The lyophilized product is stable for one year from date of receipt when stored at -20℃.
The suspended product is stable for six months from date of receipt when stored at -20℃.
***Sino biological qEASY qPCR primer pairs are used for SYBR Green-based real-time RT-PCR, The primers are designed by using SBI's proprietary primer design algorithm. Our primer collection covers the entire human genomes. It can be widely applied in the quantitative analysis of gene expression.***
Features and Advantages
Unique Primer Design
To avoid genomic DNA amplification, at least one primer is designed crosses the junction of exons according to the conserved region of a specific gene with all variants.
Strict Validation Process
Confirmed in positive organizations; screened the primer with high specificity and high sensitivity.
Uniform PCR conditions, Saving time and cost
~100% amplification curve, ensuring the accuracy of the RNA quantitative
JNK2 qPCR Primer Pairs, Mouse: Alternative Names
AI851083 qPCR Primer Pairs, Mouse; JNK2 qPCR Primer Pairs, Mouse; p54aSAPK qPCR Primer Pairs, Mouse; Prkm9 qPCR Primer Pairs, Mouse
JNK2 Background Information
Mitogen-activated protein kinase 9 (MAPK9), also well known as c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK2), is a member of MAP kinase subfamily belonging to the protein kinase superfamily. MAPK9 responds to activation by environmental stress and pro-inflammatory cytokines by phosphorylating a number of transcription factors, such as c-Jun and ATF2. The crystal structure of human JNK2 complexed with an indazole inhibitor by applying a high-throughput protein engineering and surface-site mutagenesis approach. A novel conformation of the activation loop is observed, which is not compatible with its phosphorylation by upstream kinases. This activation inhibitory conformation of JNK2 is stabilized by the MAP kinase insert that interacts with the activation loop in an induced-fit manner. It suggest that the MAP kinase insert of JNK2 plays a role in the regulation of JNK2 activation, possibly by interacting with intracellular binding partners. JNK2 deficiency leads to reduced c-Jun degradation, thereby augmenting c-Jun levels and cellular proliferation, and suggests that JNK2 is a negative regulator of cellular proliferation in multiple cell types. JNK2 prevents replicative stress by coordinating cell cycle progression and DNA damage repair mechanisms. JNK2 blocks the ubiquitination of tumor suppressor p53, and thus increases the stability of p53 in nonstressed cells. JNK2 negatively regulates antigen-specific CD8+ T cell expansion and effector function, and thus selectively blocking JNK2 in CD8+ T cells may potentially enhance anti-tumor immune response. Lack of JNK2 expression was associated with higher tumor aneuploidy and reduced DNA damage response. Additionally,the JNK2 protein could be a novel therapeutic target in dry eye disease, and may provide a novel target for prevention of vascular disease and atherosclerosis.
Sabapathy K, et al. (2004) JNK2: a negative regulator of cellular proliferation. Cell Cycle. 3(12): 1520-3.
Tao J, et al. (2007) JNK2 negatively regulates CD8+ T cell effector function and anti-tumor immune response. Eur J Immunol. 37(3): 818-29.
Shaw D, et al. (2008) The crystal structure of JNK2 reveals conformational flexibility in the MAP kinase insert and indicates its involvement in the regulation of catalytic activity. J Mol Biol. 383(4): 885-93.
Osto E, et al. (2008) c-Jun N-terminal kinase 2 deficiency protects against hypercholesterolemia-induced endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress. 118(20): 2073-80.
De Paiva CS, et al. (2009) Essential role for c-Jun N-terminal kinase 2 in corneal epithelial response to desiccating stress. Arch Ophthalmol. 127(12): 1625-31.
Chen P, et al. (2010) Jnk2 effects on tumor development, genetic instability and replicative stress in an oncogene-driven mouse mammary tumor model. PLoS One. 5(5): e10443.
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