GMPR, also known as GMPR1, belongs to the IMPDH/GMPR family.This familyofenzymesincludesIMP dehydrogenaseandGMP reductase. These enzymes are involved inpurine metabolism and adopt aTIM barrelstructure. GMPR is an enzyme that catalyzes the irreversible and NADPH-dependent reductive deamination of GMP to IMP. GMPR functions in the conversion of nucleobase, nucleoside and nucleotide derivatives of G to A nucleotides, and in maintaining the intracellular balance of A and G nucleotides.
Deng Y., et al.,(2002), NADPH-dependent GMP reductase isoenzyme of human (GMPR2). Expression, purification, and kinetic properties. Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 34:1035-1050.
Zhang J., et al., (2003), Cloning and functional characterization of GMPR2, a novel human guanosine monophosphate reductase, which promotes the monocytic differentiation of HL-60 leukemia cells.J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol. 129:76-83.
Ivens A.C., et al.,(2005), The genome of the kinetoplastid parasite, Leishmania major.Science 309:436-442.
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