CD147/EMMPRIN (Extracellular Matrix Metalloproteinase Inducer), also known as Basigin (BSG), is a transmembrane glycoprotein with different forms resulted from different modes of glycosylation and N-terminal sequence variants. It is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily with homology to both the immunoglobulin V domain and MHC class II antigen beta-chain. This protein play important roles in variety of events including spermatogenesis, embryo implantation, neural network formation. CD147 induces the production and release of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) in the surrounding mesenchymal cells and tumor cells, and thereby promotes invasion, metastasis, growth and survival of malignant cells. Furthermore, CD147 also serves as a receptor for extracellular cyclophilinthe and its association with integrins might be important in signal transduction. Recently, CD147 displays increased expression in many cancers, and it has been previously demonstrated to participate in cancer metastasis and progression. Thus, CD147 and its antibody are used as an effective treatment for malignant cancers.
Tang Y, et al. (2004) Tumor-stroma interaction: positive feedback regulation of extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) expression and matrix metalloproteinase-dependent generation of soluble EMMPRIN. Mol Cancer Res. 2(2): 73-80.
Wilson MC, et al. (2005) Basigin (CD147) is the target for organomercurial inhibition of monocarboxylate transporter isoforms 1 and 4: the ancillary protein for the insensitive MCT2 is EMBIGIN (gp70). J Biol Chem. 280(29): 27213-21.
Curtin KD, et al. (2005) Basigin (EMMPRIN/CD147) interacts with integrin to affect cellular architecture. J Cell Sci. 118(Pt 12): 2649-60.
Zhu H, et al. (2009) A novel antibody fragment targeting HAb18G/CD147 with cytotoxicity and decreased immunogenicity. Cancer Biol Ther. 8(11): 1035-44. Zhu H, et al. (2009) A novel antibody fragment targeting HAb18G/CD147 with cytotoxicity and decreased immunogenicity. Cancer Biol Ther. 8(11): 1035-44.
Seizer P, et al. (2009) EMMPRIN (CD147) is a novel receptor for platelet GPVI and mediates platelet rolling via GPVI-EMMPRIN interaction. Thromb Haemost. 101(4): 682-6.
Moonsom S, et al. (2010) A Competitive ELISA for Quantifying Serum CD147: Reduction of Soluble CD147 Levels in Cancer Patient Sera. Hybridoma (Larchmt). 29(1): 45-52.
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